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Why You Should Be Careful With Using Too Much Fluoride


You can find chemical fluorine everywhere. It’s in water, soil, and even most types of food. In addition, technology has made it possible to extract fluoride from fluorine, allowing people the opportunity to use the material in drinking water, toothpaste, and mouthwash.

However, most may not know that fluoride also aids in the process of strengthening bones and teeth, making it an essential component in oral hygiene. 

How Fluoride Works

The tooth enamel absorbs the fluoride and prevents tooth decay and the formation of plaque. Once the tooth enamel hardens, your teeth become healthier because it is now resistant to demineralization. It even reverses its effects by depositing essential minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, in the tooth’s damaged areas. 

If you have an emergency dental concern, you need to see a dentist immediately. They can give you a fluoride treatment to improve the health of your teeth. 

The high concentration of fluoride can also prevent the formation of cavities. The use of topical fluoride increases the rate of enamel growth, which makes your teeth less vulnerable to tooth decay.

What Is Fluorosis?

What most people do not know is that too much fluoride is dangerous. Excessive fluoride can lead to fluorosis. It is a chronic condition that leads to several complications. Young children mostly have this. They are more susceptible to it because their teeth are still forming.

Types of Fluorosis

Dental fluorosis leads to the discoloration of the teeth, which can also cause white marks on the teeth. It can lead to a mottled enamel and low mineralization of the teeth. 

On the other hand, skeletal fluorosis affects the bones. It hardens them, and it also reduces their elasticity, increasing the likelihood of getting fractures. 

This disease can also lead to the impairment of joint mobility because it results in the thickening and accumulation of bone tissue.

Other Problems

Too much fluoride can lead to complications in the thyroid. It causes an increased production of parathyroid hormones, which is known as hyperthyroidism. This condition drains the levels of calcium in bones. It can lead to an abnormal amount of calcium in the blood.

Pregnant mothers are also at risk. When they are exposed to high levels of fluoride, it can lead to poor cognitive abilities for their children. 

Fluoride is also considered a neurotoxin, which means having excessive amounts of it can be a risk factor for a child’s development and growth.

How to Prevent and Treat It

Do not be afraid to search “dentist near me” online if you think you are suffering from dental fluorosis. For many, it can be a source of discomfort, even anxiety. However, there’s no need to fret since your dentist can administer different treatments. 

They can perform teeth whitening procedures to remove the stains or dental bonding to coat your teeth to repair the damage. Dental veneers and dental crowns are also options. They are dental appliances that can restore your teeth to their original state or change their appearance altogether.

Since children are more likely to get fluorosis, parents should watch when their kids brush their teeth. Make sure your child does not ingest toothpaste. You can also monitor the level of fluoride in your drinking water. Doctors prescribe dietary supplements to children to reduce the risk of fluorosis.

Final Thoughts

Now that you know the pros and cons of fluoride toothpaste, mouthwash, and other items with fluoride, you can be mindful about your intake. Anything excessive is dangerous, even fluoride. As long as you are careful with it, you can prevent any complications from happening.

Thomas Cooke D.D.S Family Dentistry is committed to giving you the best dental care. We provide one of the best dental emergency services in Raleigh. If you are experiencing any pain or discomfort in your teeth, call us now.